A water conservation program (WCP) consists of a set of actions that target both lowering water demand through water saving measures and the control of hydraulic system loss (replacement of sanitary equipment, leak detection campaigns, and network monitoring, for instance) and increase of water supply through catchment from alternative sources (well water catchment, rainwater harvesting, and treatment and reuse of effluents, for instance).
Water use and hydraulic network diagnostics
Hydraulic network and water use diagnostics in an enterprise is the first stage for implementing a water conservation program. AF SW developed a complete methodology that involves hydraulic network inspection and analysis, water supply and points of consumption localization and characterization, water uses classification, water consumption process and procedures analysis, consumption indicators calculation, and water balance plotting in the enterprise.
As a result, the client gets a report of the full analysis and a plan of action which contains all measures that can be adopted to both lower consumption and find a better suited water supply option, be it drinking water or not, indicating the benefits of these measures and their viability, as well as the return on necessary investments.
Alternative water supplies
Water supply in buildings is usually done through the local water utility. However, other supply options can be viable, leading not only to lower water bills, but also to a positive impact on its conservation. These alternative water supplies can be focused on drinking water, such as artesian wells, or non-drinking water, such as rainwater harvesting and sewage, grey water, and effluent treatment and reuse. For more information, access Water, sewage, and effluent treatment and reuse.
Water, electricity, and gas consumption monitoring
Real time water consumption monitoring is the most important medium- and long-term measure when talking about saving water. It consists on an automated, remote, real-time collection of consumption data, its storage, and its presentation to the users in different formats. It allows the user to easily and quickly detect all sorts of anomalies in the hydraulic network, such as leaks, drastically reducing correction time and leading to significant savings. It also allows for the calculation of indicators and the plotting of consumption profiles, helping define and choose saving measures with better cost-benefit ratio to be implemented in the future as well as the evaluation of effectiveness for measures that have already been implemented.
Water consumption monitoring can be implemented both independently and as part of a hydraulic network and water consumption diagnostics, allowing for greater assertiveness in calculating consumption indicators and devising a plan of action.
AF SW develops highly flexible monitoring systems, which makes it possible to use several kinds of measurement and data communication (telemetry) technologies available to the end-user, including electricity and gas consumption measuring, which allows for an integration of different measuring systems in one unified monitoring environment (software).